Kara Karayev

Internet Edition compiled by Onno van Rijen

Updated 14 February 2012


Born

5 February 1918 in Baku (Azerbaijan). Died: 13 May 1982 in Moscow.

Education

At Music School in Baku from 1926-1935 (under Sharoyev). At Baku Conservatory from 1935-1938 (composition under L.M. Rudolf. At Moscow Conservatory from 1938-1941 (composition under Anatolii Aleksandrov and orchestration under S. Vasilenko) and from 1943-1946 (composition under Dmitri Shostakovich).

Principal Works

Three symphonies, suites and symphonic poems, violin concerto, ballets, opera, oratorio, cantatas, film music, piano works, two string quartets, sonata for violin and piano.

Style

Karayev is clearly a pupil of Shostakovich. In his music he tries to make a creative synthesis of a non-western musical idiom with Western form, harmony and artistic-audience values. Folklore and national tradition influenced his music.

Masterworks

Symphony No. 3 (1965) - LP Melodiya D 17533-4
Seven Beauties, suite from the ballet (1952) - CD Russian Disc RDCD 11 067
Violin Concerto (1967) - LP Melodiya C10 27965

Works

The Statue of Zarskoye Selo, musical picture for piano (1937)
Duration: 5 minutes.
Six Transcriptions of Aserbaidzhanian folksongs for singer and piano (1937)

Song of The Heart, cantata after Rassul Rsa for chorus, orchestra and dance ensemble (1938)

Duration: 15 minutes.
Azerbaidzhanian Suite for orchestra (1939)
Duration: 20 minutes.
Berceuse after an Aserbaidzhian Folktext for chorus a capella (1939)
Duration: 6 minutes.
Three Tesnifa after Nisami for singer and orchestra (1939)

Sportsuite for string orchestra (1939)

Piano Sonatina No. 1 (1940)

Duration: 11 minutes.
CD Through Time: Rena Rzayeva (piano)
Passacaglia and Tripelfugue for orchestra (1941)
Duration: 26 minutes.
Quartettino for string quartet (1942)
Duration: 8 minutes.
String Quartet No. 1 in F minor (1942)
Duration: 30 minutes.
LP Melodiya D 15201-2: Azerbadzhanian Philharmonic Quartet
Azerbaidzhanian March for windorchestra (1943)
Duration: 6 minutes.
March of the Ashuges for aserbaidzhanian folk orchestra (1943)
Orchestration by Midchat Achmedov.
Duration: 5 minutes.
Symphony No. 1 in B minor „To the Memory of the Heroes of the Great Patriotic War“ (1943)
Duration: 33 minutes.
LP Melodiya C10 27963: Leningrad Conservatory Chamber Orchestra, Y. Aliev (cond)
Piano Sonatine No. 2 in A minor (1944)
Duration: 23 minutes.
"Motherland", opera in four acts after Ismail Idajat-Sade and Mamed Ragim (1945)
Composed with A. Gadshiev.
First performance in 1945 in Baku.
LP Melodiya C10 27963
CD Azerbayan International AICD 1207 (6 CD-set):
Symphony No. 2 in C major for large symphony orchestra (1946)
Duration: 34 minutes.
Six Songs after Khayyam (1946)

String Quartet No. 2 in A minor (1946)

Dedicated to Dmitri Shostakovich.
Duration: 21 minutes.
March for amateur orchestra (1946)
Duration: 6 minutes.
"Leyla and Medjnun", symphonic poem (1947)
Duration: 18 minutes.
LP Melodiya D 1141-2: USSR State Orchestra, Taki Niyazy (cond)
LP Melodiya C10 27963: Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, R. Abdullayev (cond)
CD Azerbayan International AICD 1207 (6 CD-set): Azerbayan State SO, Yalchin Adigozalov (cond)
"Autumn" after Nisami Gandshevi for chorus a capella (1947)
Duration: 12 minutes.
Song of Happiness, cantata after Mamed Ragim for soprano, chorus and orchestra (1947)
Duration: 22 minutes.
Greetingsmarch for orchestra and fanfares (1948)
Duration: 8 minutes.
Two Lyric Poems after Pushkin for singer and piano (1949)

Duration: 7 minutes.
Two Romances on Pushkin's lyrics for singer and orchestra (1949)
LP Melodiya C10 27963: Uzeir Hadjibekov Azerbayan SSR SO, R. Abdullayev (cond), F. Kasimova (soprano)
Six Preludes for piano (1950)
CD Azerbayan International AICD 1207 (6 CD-set): Murad Adigozalzade and Elnara Hashimova (piano)
Pioneer-Song of Peace after S. Dshabarsade for singer and piano (1950)
Text: Senal Dshabarsade.
Six Pieces for Children for piano (1950)

March for the Mineral Oil Workers of Baku for windorchestra (1951)

Duration: 6 minutes.
Albanian Rhapsody for orchestra (1952)
Duration: 15 minutes.
LP Melodiya D 02392-3: USSR State Orchestra, Taki Niyazy (cond)
LP Melodiya C10 27963: Uzeir Hadjibekov Azerbayan SO, R. Abdullayev (cond)
Two Pieces for Children for piano (1952)

"Seven Beauties", ballet in four acts after Nisami Gandshevi (1952)

Libretto: Ismail Idajatsade, Yuri Slonimski and Sabit Rachman.
First performance in 1952 in Baku.
Suite from "Seven Beauties" for orchestra (1952)
Duration: 28 minutes.
Parts:
1. Waltz
2. Adagio
3. The Buffoons
4. Seven Portraits
Introduction - The Indian Beauty
The Byzantine Beauty
The Khorezmian Beauty
The Slavonic Beauty
The Maghrebian Beauty
The Chinese Beauty
The Most Beautiful Of All Beauties
5. Procession

LP Melodiya D 022233-4: USSR State Orchestra, Taki Niyazy (cond)
LP Melodiya D 05518-9: USSR State Orchestra, Taki Niyazy (cond)
LP Melodiya C10 25391: Siberian Violinists' Ensemble, M. Parkhomovsky (cond)
LP Melodiya C10 27965: Uzeir Hadjibekov Azerbayan SO, Rauf Abdullayev (cond)
CD Delos DRD 2009: Moscow Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra, Rauf Abdullayev (cond)
CD Olympia OCD 491: Moscow Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra, Rauf Abdullayev (cond)
CD Azerbayan International AICD 1207 (6 CD-set): Azerbayan State SO, Yalchin Adigozalov (cond)
CD Russian Disc RDCD 11 067: Ostankino Radio Orchestra, Rauf Abdullayev (cond)

Music to the Film "The Tale of the Caspian Mineral Oil Workers" (1953)

Suite from the Music to the Film „The Tale of the Caspian Mineral Oil Workers“ (1953)

Song of the Mineral Oil Worker after M. Svetlov (1953)

Choreographic Pictures, suite for orchestra in four parts (1953)

Duration: 21 minutes.
LP Melodiya D 09563-4: USSR State Orchestra, Taki Niyazy (cond)
"Tale of the Mineral Oil Worker at the Caspian Sea" after M. Svetlov for singer or chorus and piano accompagniment (1954)

Music to the Film "Vietnam" (1955)

Suite from the Music to the Film „Vietnam“ for symphony orchestra (1955)

Duration: 24 minutes.
"Path of Thunder", ballet in four acts after Peter Abrahams (1957)
Libretto: Yuri Slonimski.
Revised in 1959.
First performance in 1958 in Leningrad/St. Petersburg.
Suite No. 2 from "Path of Thunder" (1957)
Duration: 30 minutes.
LP Melodiya C 423-4: Radio Orchestra, Taki Niyazy (cond)
LP Melodiya 33CM 02741-42: USSR Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov (cond)
CD Russian Disc RDCD 11 067: Ostankino Radio Orchestra, Rauf Abdullayev (cond)
Three Nocturnes for singer and jazz orchestra after words of L. Hughes (1958)
Duration: 14 minutes.
Orchestrated by O. Lundstrem
Suite No. 1 from "Path of Thunder" (1958)
Duration: 37 minutes.
LP Melodiya D 09563-4: USSR Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov (cond), V. Klepatskaya (mezzo-soprano)
LP Melodiya 33CM 02741-42: USSR Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov (cond), V. Klepatskaya (mezzo-soprano )
LP Melodiya C 01701-2: USSR Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov (cond), V. Klepatskaya (mezzo-soprano)
LP Melodiya D 020745-6: (Lullaby & Dance of the Maidens) Bolshoi Theatre Violinists Ensemble, Reyentovich (cond)
LP Melodiya D 030977-8: (Dance of the Maidens) Azerbaidzhanian Radio Chamber Orchestra, Islam Rzayev (cond)
CD Delos DRD 2009: Moscow Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra, Rauf Abdullayev (cond)
CD Russian Disc RDCD 11 067
CD Olympia OCD 491: Moscow Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra, Rauf Abdullayev (cond)
CD Azerbayan International AICD 1207 (6 CD-set): Azerbayan State SO, Yalchin Adigozalov (cond)
"Our Party", cantata after Samed Vurgun for solo-voices, chorus and orchestra (1959)

"Don Quichotte", symphonic sketches for orchestra (1960)

Duration: 18 minutes.
LP Melodiya D 11199-200: USSR State SO, A. Gauk (cond)
LP Melodiya C 0465-6: USSR State SO, A. Gauk (cond)
LP Melodiya C 01701-2: USSR State SO, A. Gauk (cond)
LP Melodiya C10 27965: USSR State SO, A. Gauk (cond)
LP Melodiya CM 02741-2:
Suite No. 3 from "Path of Thunder" (1960)
LP Melodiya D 09465-6: USSR Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov (cond)
LP Melodiya C 0339-40: USSR Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov (cond)
CD Russian Disc RDCD 11 067
Sonata for violin and piano in D minor (1960)
Duration: 26 minutes.
LP Melodiya D 21767-8: S. Ganiev (violin), Z. Adigezal-Zade (piano)
CD Unknown: Faik Aliyev, Stefan Irmer
CD Farhad Badalbeyli 280674 (2 CD-set): Arif Manafli (violin), Farhad Badalbeyli (piano)
Twenty-Four Preludes for piano (1951-1963)
CD Delos DRD 2008: (Nos. 1-3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 15, 19 & 23) Vladimir Yurigin-Klevke (piano)
CD Farhad Badalbeyli 280674 (2 CD-set): (Nos. 2, 5, 7, 15, 16, 18-23) Farhad Badalbeyli (piano)
CD Russian Disc RD CD 10 015: (Nos. 1-3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 15, 19 & 23) Vladimir Yurigin-Klevke (piano)
CD Video Labs Corporation: (Nos. 2, 5, 7, 16, 18 & 24) Rena Rzayeva (piano)
Music to the Film "The Conquerer of the Sea" (1965)

Suite from the Music to the Film "The Conquerer of the Sea" (1965)

Symphony No. 3 for chamber orchestra (1965)

Duration: 22 mintes.
LP Melodiya D 17533-4: Moscow Chamber Orchestra, Rudolf Barshai (cond)
LP Melodiya C 1251-2: Moscow Chamber Orchestra, Rudolf Barshai (cond)
Lp Melodiya 33C10 10213-4: Leningrad Conservatory Chamber Orchestra, Y. Aliev (cond)
LP Melodiya C10 27965: Leningrad Conservatory Chamber Orchestra, Y. Aliev (cond)
Classical Suite for orchestra (1965)
Duration: 12 minutes.
Six Pieces for Children for piano (1965)

Transcription of Gadshibekov’s piano trio ’Alla Aschuga’ for chamberorchestra (1965)

Violin Concerto (1967)

Parts:
1. Allegro moderato; 2. Andante; 3. Allegro ben marcato.
Duration: 32 minutes.
Tape DKC 22403: Moscow Radio Orchestra, unnamed conductor, G. Kremer (violin)
LP Melodiya C10 27965: Uzeir Hadjebekov Azerbayan SSR SO, R. Abdullayev (cond), A. Korsakov (violin)
CD Russian Revelation Rare Repertoire RV 10104: Grand SO of All-Union Radio and Television, Vladimir Kozhukhar (cond), Gidon Kremer (violin)
To the Memory of the twenty-six Commissioners, mourn-ode (1968)
Duration: 4 minutes.
"Hymn to the Friendship" solo-voices, chorus and orchestra (1969)
Duration: 16 minutes.
"Lenin", oratorio after Rassul Rsa for speaker, chorus and orchestra (1970)
Duration: 12 minutes.
"Tenderness", mono-opera after Henri Barbusse for woman’s voice and chamber orchestra (1972)
Libretto: K. Karaew
"The Impetuous Gascognes", musical comedy in two parts after Edmond Rostand's Cyrano de Bergerac (1973)
Libretto: P. Gradov
"The House of the Pigeon", symphony for children’s chorus, mixed chorus and orchestra after Francisco Jose Goya (1980)
Composed with Faradsh Karajew.
Duration: 35 minutes.

And furthermore:

Adagio for violin
LP Melodiya D 18717-8: A. Aliev (violin)
Four Pieces for chamber orchestra
1. Prelude; 2. Fugue; 3. Allegro; 4. Passacaglia.
LP Melodiya D 027533-4: Chamber Orchestra of Azerbaidzhanian Radio, Islam Rzayev (cond)
CD Through Time: (Prelude and Fugue for piano): Rena Rzayeva (piano)
Fugues for piano
CD Through Time: (Nos. 2 & 11): Rena Rzayeva (piano)
Entertainment music

Film music

Music for folk orchestra


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