Alexi Matchavariani

Internet Edition compiled by Onno van Rijen

Updated 29 April 2006


Born

On October 6 (old style: September 23), 1913 in Gori (Eastern Georgia).
Died on 31 December 1995 in Tbilisi.

Education

The folk tunes of his homeland were the first sources of his musical education. At the age of 6 Matchavariani started his training on piano and violin. After graduating the Tbilisi Conservatory (composition) he completed his postgraduate training in the art of composition as a pupil of Prof. P.B. Ryazanov.
In 1961 Matchavariani became the professor of the Tbilisi State Conservatory. Dmitri Shostakovich and Tichon Khrennikov wrote the recommendation for his professorship.

Works

"Elegy", symphonic picture for orchestra (1936)
First performance in 1937 by the GS SO, conducted by N. Rabinovich.
Scherzo for symphony orchestra (1936)
First performance in 1940 in Tblisi by the Georgian State SO, conducted by O. Dimitriadi.
"Khorumi" for piano (1937)

"“Mumli Mukhasa (The Oak and the Mosquitos)", symphonic poem (1939)

“Concertante Lezginka”, dance for piano and orchestra (1939)

First performance in 1940 in Tblisi by the Georgian State SO, conducted by O. Dimitriadi with T. Gogolashvili (piano).
Scherzo for piano (1940)

Piano Concerto (1944)

First performance in 1944 in Tblisi by the Georgian State SO, conducted by O. Dimitriadi with G. Machutadze (piano).

LP Melodiya: Franz Konvichny (cond), Anerose Schmidt (piano)

"Mother and son", opera in two acts (1944)
Libretto by the composer after I. Tchavchavadze's poem.
First performance in 1945 in the Opera House of Tbilisi, conducted by G. Kiladze.
Symphony No. 1 in E Minor (1947)
Dedicated to the tragedy of the Second World War.
Movements:
1. Moderato - 10 minutes 30 seconds
2. Largo - 11 minutes 30 seconds
3. Allegro - 5 minutes
4. Allegro Molto - 11 minutes.
First performance in 1947 in Tblisi by the Georgian State SO, conducted by D. Gokieli.

LP Melodiya D 019977-8: Georgian State SO, D. Gokiely (cond)
LP Melodiya C10 25667: Leningrad Philharmonic State Academic SO, V. Machavariani (cond)

"On the Hero's Death", poem for chorus and orchestra (1948)
After S. Rustaveli 's and A. Abasheli's poetry.
First performance in 1949 in Tblisi by the Georgian State SO and State Choir of Georgia, conducted by O. Dimitriadi.

LP Melodiya: Georgian State SO, State Choir of Georgia, conducted by O. Dimitriadi.

Georgian Festival Overture (1949)
LP Melodiya D 019977-8: Moscow Radio SO, A. Gauk (cond)
"Khorumi", Georgian war dance for piano (1949)

Violin Concerto in C sharp Minor (1949)

First performance in 1949 in Tblisi by the Georgian State SO, conducted by I. Zatulovsky with M. Vaiman (violin).

LP Melodiya D 0536-7: USSR State Radio Orchestra, O. Dmitriade (cond), M. Vaiman (violin)
LP Westminster XWN 18535: USSR State Radio Orchestra, O. Dmitriade (cond), M. Vaiman (violin)
LP Melodiya D 1726-7: Moscow SO, N. Anosov (cond), M. Yashvili (violin)
LP Melodiya C10 10945-6: USSR Large Radio & TV SO, Vakhtang Matchavariani (cond), Liana Isakadze (violin) (recording: 1977)

Ceremonial overture for symphony orchestra (1950)
First performance in 1950 in Tbilisi by the Georgian State SO, conducted by O. Dimitriadi.

LP Melodiya: Georgian State SO, conducted by O. Dimitriadi.
LP Melodiya: Radio Symphony Orchestra of Georgia, V. Matchavariani (cond)

"The Day of My Homeland", oratorio for solo singers, mixed choir and orchestra (1955)
To M. Vershinin's and L. Ozerov's text.
First performance in Moscow by soloists, choir and the USSR Radio orchestra, conducted by A. Gauk. Choir-master: K. Ptitsa.
"Doluri" for tambourine and orchestra (1956)

"Othello", ballet in four acts after W. Shakespeare's play (1957)

Libretto by V. Chabukiani.
First production in 1957 in the Opera House of Tbilisi, conductor O. Dimitriadi, choreography V. Chabukiani, painter S. Virsaladze.

LP Melodiya D 5120: (Fragments) Georgian State Theatre Opera & Ballet Orchestra, O. Dimitriadi (cond)
LP Melodiya D 10863-4: (Fragments) G. Kavtaradze (piano)
LP Melodiya S 04689-90: (Fragments) M. Yashvili & N. Walter (piano)
LP Melodiya C10 14241-2: (Fragments) M. Paniashvili & M. Altunashvili (piano)

Five Fragments from the ballet “Othello” for two pianos
LP Melodiya: M. Paniashvili and M. Altunashvili (piano)
Four Fragments from the ballet “Othello” for violin and piano
LP Melodiya: M. Jashvili (violin)
Two Pieces from the ballet “Othello” for 2 pianos

Variation of Desdemona from the ballet “Othello” for violin and piano

Thirteen Pieces from the ballet “Othello” for piano

"The Night" from the ballet “Othello” for violin and piano

“Five Monologues” for baritone and symphony orchestra (1964)

To V. Pshavela's lyrics.
First performance on 9 November 1966 in Prague by R. Kakabadze (baritone) and Prague Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by J. Temirkanov.

LP Melodiya: conductor D. Kahidze (cond), R. Kakabadze (baritone)

“Five Monologues” for baritone and piano

"Hamlet", opera (1967)

Two Preludes and Fugues for piano (1950-1971)

Symphony No. 2 (1972)

First performance in 1973 in Tbilisi by the Georgia State SO, conducted by D. Kahidze.

LP Melodiya C10 06177-78: Georgia State SO, D. Kakhidze (cond)

"Sakoncerto Lezginka" for piano and orchestra (1973)

"The Knight in the Tiger's Skin”, ballet in two acts" (1973)

Libretto by Y. Grigorovich after S. Rustaveli’s poem.
First performance in 1982 on “Melodiya” by the Symphony Orchestra of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR, conductor V. Matchavariani.
First Live performance in 1982 in Moscow by the USSR Large Radio & TV Symphony Orchestra, conductor V. Matchavariani.
First production in 1985, staged in Leningrad at the Kirov Theatre, choreography O. Vinogradov, set by T. Murvanidze, conductor V. Matchavariani.
"In memoriam Pirosmani", ballad for piano (1956-1977)

"Georgian Frescos" for piano (1977)

String Quartet No. 1 (1978)

LP Melodiya C10 28859: Georgian Radio String Quartet
String Quartet No. 2 (1978)
LP Melodiya C10 22673 008: Georgian Radio String Quartet
String Quartet No. 3 (1978)
LP Melodiya C10 28859: Georgian Radio String Quartet
Nineteen Choruses (1979)

“Hamlet”, opera in two acts after W. Shakespeare’s play (1979)

Libretto by A. Matchavariani and G. Meliva.
Suite from "Hamlet" for the orchestra (1979)
First performance in 2004 in Luebeck, Germany by the Philharmonic Orchestra, conductor V. Matchavariani.
"Parisian Sketches", five sketches for piano (1979)

“The Bug”, musical comedy in three acts after V. Mayakovsky's play (1979)

Libretto by T. Abashidze & G. Charkviani.
First production in 1980 in the Theatre of the Musical Comedy of Tbilisi; Conductor A. Mamatsashvili, directed by G. Meliva.
Waltz from “The Bug” for violin and piano

String Quartet No. 4 (1982)

LP Melodiya C10 22673 008: Georgian Radio String Quartet
Symphony No. 3 (1983)
First performance on 1 December 1983 in Tbilisi by the Georgia State SO, conducted by V. Matchavariani.

LP Melodiya C10 27809: Kirov Leningrad State Academic Opera & Ballet Theatre Orchestra, V. Matchavariani (cond)

Symphony No. 4 "Youth" (1983)
First performance on 1 December 1983 in Tbilisi by the Georgia State SO, conducted by V. Matchavariani.

LP Melodiya: Minsk SO, A. Matchavariani (cond)

"The Taming of the Shrew", ballet in two acts after W. Shakespeare’s play (1984)
Libretto by D. Brianzev and A. Matchavariani.
Symphony No. 5 "Ushba" (1986)
First performance in Tbilisi by the Georgia State SO, conducted by V. Matchavariani.
Duration: 46 minutes.
In two movements.

LP Melodiya C10 30231: Kirov Leningrad State Academic Opera & Ballet Theatre Orchestra, V. Matchavariani (cond)

Symphony No. 6 "Amirani (Prometheus)" (1987)

First performance in 1989 in Tbilisi by the Georgia State SO, conducted by V. Matchavariani.
Concerto for cello, harp and string orchestra (1987)
In three movements.
First performance in 1989 in Tbilisi by T. Gabarashvili (cello) and the Georgia State SO, conducted by V. Matchavariani.
Symphony No. 7 “Gelati” for chorus and orchestra (1989)
To words of Georgian king David the Constructor.
"Medea", opera in two acts after Euripidus & Gustav Schwab (1991)
Libretto by Vakhtang Matchavariani after Gustav Schwab's "Die schoensten Sagen des Klassischen Alterturms.
“Pirosmani”, ballet in two acts (1992)
Libretto by A. Matchavariani (pictures of old Tbilisi).
String Quartet No. 5 (1993)

Other Works


Thanks to Holger Sambale from Germany and Vakhtang Matchavariani for additional information

For more information please check Vakhtang Matchavariani's website, his son and conductor


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